As gas prices fluctuate dramatically, car makers are touting the benefits of their electric vehicles. It seems most consumers like the idea of electric cars, but ask them to expand on details about each electric car and they will most likely not be able to. We’ve put together a list of some frequently mentioned electric cars already on the market or who will be entering the market soon. We’ve included a short description of each so that you can tell the difference between each electric car Arkansas. This is not a comprehensive list, but will give you an idea of options currently available from some of the big car makers.
Nissan Leaf – One of the early adopters of the electric car movement, this vehicle was introduced to the US markets in 2010, and there are plenty of fans. The Leaf is a five-door hatchback electric car manufactured by Nissan. The price can range at about 25,000, before receiving any local and state incentives. You can gain about 100 miles per charge, and speeds range up to 90 mph.
The Chevrolet Volt – Is a unique plug-in hybrid car. However, it makes our electric vehicle list because it differs from other hybrids in that it has a unique powertrain that will power the electric motor for the first 25 to 50 miles of driving. When its batteries are empty, the Volt switches on a gasoline engine to keep the car running. This gasoline engine also acts as a generator, providing more electric power for the motor. This makes it extremely cheap to charge and if you are planning a long road trip, then you can drive more than 100 miles per day. It’s included on this list, because although it is most like a hybrid, it is not quite a hybrid.
Ford Focus Electric – Although this car is not available until 2012, there are still many excited fans ready to purchase this car. The Ford Focus Electric car is also a five door hatchback. It has a 100 mile driving range before needing to be charged, and a max speed of 84 mph. It is unique because the Ford Focus Electric can be charged in three to four hours using an at-home, wall-mounted 240-volt charge station. Ford has also thought ahead regarding charging station infastructure by partnering with Best Buy for charging station installations.
Honda Fit Electric – Also not available until 2012, the Fit EV is built with the same 5-passenger layout as the Fit hatchback. In fact, the Fit EV is practically the same to a regular Fit with the exception of the EV- dash. It is going to be powered by a lithium-ion battery and coaxial electric motor and will include three unique driving modes: Econ, Normal, and Sport. Econ is said to increase driving range by as much as 17 percent over Normal and up to 25 percent over Sport. Compared to the Ford Focus Electric, it does have a longer charging times at 6 hours with a 240 volt outlet. It will also provide 100 miles per charge, and can gather speeds of 90 miles per hour.
สำหรับผู้เริ่มต้นเล่นสล็อต แนวคิดในการเล่นออนไลน์อาจเป็นเรื่องที่น่ากลัว บ่อยครั้งที่ผู้เล่นใหม่ถูกปิดที่เกมสล็อตออนไลน์และไม่ได้เล่นเพราะพวกเขาคิดว่าจำเป็นต้องเล่นด้วยเงินจริง ความจริงก็คือมีตัวเลือกมากมายในการเล่นออนไลน์ การเล่นด้วยเงินเป็นเพียงหนึ่งในนั้น
การพนันออนไลน์นำเสนอเกมการพนันและการฝึกฝนที่ไม่มีค่าใช้จ่ายซึ่งมีสล็อตเพื่อความสนุกสนาน แม้ว่าคุณอาจไม่ได้รับโบนัสหรือชนะอะไรเพิ่มเติมเมื่อคุณเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ฟรีหรือเพียงเพื่อความสนุก คุณจะสามารถเล่นเกมได้ดีขึ้น บางครั้ง คุณจะพบว่าผู้ให้บริการสล็อตออนไลน์จะเสนอโอกาสให้คุณชนะเงินมากยิ่งขึ้นโดยการเข้าร่วมคลับพิเศษ
เพียงเพราะคุณเลือกเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ฟรีไม่ได้หมายความว่าคุณจะถูกกีดกันจากการเรียนรู้สิ่งที่ผู้เล่นสล็อตเรียนรู้ เคล็ดลับ เครื่องมือ ข้อเท็จจริง และข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่น ๆ ที่คุณต้องการก่อนเริ่มเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์นั้นมีให้คุณและผู้เล่นใหม่ทุกคนเสมอ เมื่อคุณเริ่มเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ จะมีตัวเลือกบนหน้าจอซึ่งจะทำให้คุณมีโอกาสเลือกเล่นเพื่อเงินหรือเพื่อความสนุกสนาน
เมื่ออยู่ในคาสิโนออนไลน์ คุณสามารถเล่นในขณะที่เรียนรู้กลยุทธ์ที่ดีที่สุดสำหรับคุณ กลยุทธ์ที่เหมาะสมกับคุณและเรียนรู้จากข้อผิดพลาดที่คุณอาจทำขณะเล่น คุณสามารถเล่นได้ฟรีตราบเท่าที่คุณจำเป็นต้องเรียนรู้เทคนิคที่จะช่วยให้คุณเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ได้ดีขึ้น เป็นผู้เชี่ยวชาญในการเล่นเกมออนไลน์อย่างง่ายดายและไม่มีผลกระทบทางการเงิน
แม้ว่านี่จะเป็นสิ่งที่ผู้เล่นใหม่จะต้องชื่นชอบและเรียนรู้เป็นหลัก แต่คุณสามารถมั่นใจได้ว่าผู้เล่นสล็อตขั้นสูงจะใช้ประโยชน์จากคุณลักษณะนี้ ผู้เล่นออนไลน์ รวมค่ายสล็อต ที่จริงจังมักจะกลับไปเล่นฟรีเพื่อรีเฟรชสไตล์และเทคนิคสล็อตของพวกเขา
ในเวทีเกมแบบดั้งเดิม การเล่นเพื่อความสนุกสนานต้องใช้โทเค็นการเล่นเกม การเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ไม่จำเป็นต้องใช้เครื่องมือนี้ คุณเพียงคลิกที่ไอคอนที่เกี่ยวข้องกับการกระทำที่คุณต้องการดำเนินการ แม้แต่การพนันออนไลน์ก็เป็นเรื่องง่าย
เมื่อคุณพร้อมที่จะเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์แต่ยังไม่พร้อมที่จะวางเดิมพันจริง คุณสามารถเล่นได้ฟรี ตรวจสอบพื้นที่ที่มีสล็อตออนไลน์ฟรีและเพลิดเพลินไปกับความรู้สึกของการเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ในขณะนี้ มีไดเรกทอรีมากมายและข้อมูลมากมายเกี่ยวกับการเดิมพันและการเล่นสล็อตฟรี ข้อมูลอยู่ที่ปลายนิ้วของคุณในขณะนี้
It’s been a long, hot summer and running has felt more like being roasted alive than having fun. It was a duty and a chore, reminding yourself things would get better. It was running enough to keep in shape but not falling out with heat stroke. Summer is not my favorite time of year to run!
There are several hints of the changing seasons. The mild nights, lower humidity, and days slowly growing shorter. One of my favorites in this part of the country is the Sulfur butterfly. When you see this bright butterfly flitting through the yellow Goldenrod and purple Ironweed, it is time to prepare for autumn’s races. The milder temperatures and lower humidity are so much more comfortable to runners! Autumn is that glorious time of crisp air and fiery leaves. The Sulfur butterfly days are the bridge of time between the heat and humidity of summer and those cool autumn days.
This time of year there are races popping up everywhere. You can find a 5K race almost every weekend if you are inclined to run one that often. They usually benefit different charities or causes, so pick your favorite ones and have fun while supporting them. Most of them give all entries a t shirt, so you could also replenish your collection while having fun and helping a good cause! A win for everybody whether you win or not.
It won’t be long before winter comes trundling in with it’s need for layers and gloves. Enjoy these mild Sulfur butterfly days while they are here. In a blink of the eye they’ll be gone. The yellow butterfly meaning butterflies gone to wherever they migrate to survive the winter. The mild days gone to where our used days go. Get out and breathe the fresh air and move through the mild breezes. These days are the reward for hanging tough all summer. Don’t waste them! We may have to be responsible grownups most of the time, but don’t forget to play. It will keep life in your years.
I saw a flock of Sulfur butterflies dancing in the sun. Look outside and see if you can spot them. They are saying, “Come and run!”
Used violins are probably a good choice for novices. They are available in different sizes such as 1/16, 1/10, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 4/4 or in full size. Purchasing a used violin is a nice way to save money. By purchasing a used violin you can get the same quality as that of a new violin at half the price. While purchasing a used violin, take someone who knows about violins along with you.
You can purchase a used violin from a violin shop where you can find a wide range of used violins that fits your budget. Local music store or a private individual german violin for sale selling a used violin are other options. There are several websites that offer online purchase of used violins. Amazon.com, eBay.com, musiciansbuyline.com, elderly.com and halfvalue.com are some of the websites where you can find used violins.
The price range of a new violin falls between $200 and $20,000. Compared to new violins, the cost of used violin is much less. The price of a used violin depends on the condition and age of the instrument.
Buying a used violin is an ideal option only if it is purchased with caution. There are so many points to consider while purchasing a used violin. Always make sure that you are purchasing it from a reliable, trustworthy dealer. It is necessary to check the body of the violin for any cracks or imperfection in the carving before making the purchase.
Make sure there is no sign of wear and no pieces are to be replaced. Replacing bridge and strings and making minor adjustments can cost hundreds of dollars. You may have to spend some money on refurbishing used violins; therefore, buy from shops that offer some kind of warranty.
Nowadays, in coincidence with the growth of internet and e-commerce, setting up a website may be considered as the fastest and most economical way to earn more income or branding for businesses. As a crucial component of a website, the interface, which creates 1st impression of the brand to its potential customers, has to be selected carefully. Simple website templates are good choice for beginners because of three following reasons.
1. It’s easy to express your style with simple website templates
Firstly, before buying a theme, website builders have to make sure that its style will fit with their promoted products. Customers visiting a baby shop will definitely prefer a colorful theme rather than a black and white cover, which is more suitable with an auto garage. Abuse of features and details can lead to typical mistakes when choosing a theme such as too dense and heavy loaded designs with flying banners, animations, different text fonts, many columns and so on. A clear-cut and minimalistic web design is the simplest way to express your style at starting phrase. Gradually when more knowledge about customer reaction is collected, addition of accessories to the web will be more practical and harmonized. Choosing a simple website free powerpoint slides has saved time for website owners in this goal.
2. An easily customizable template will refresh looks without troubles
Secondly, simple templates are easy to customize. The cover of the web is similar to an outfit of a person. If wearing only 1 suit for the life time can make the wearer feel uncomfortable and be judged negatively by surrounding people, a website can encounter the same problems. However, the question is how to create a fresh and commercial look yet avoid misleading visitors that they are entering a different site. In this case, it isn’t necessary to buy a new theme, which generates more costs and higher possibility of confusion as long as the 1st template is flexible and easy to change. A minor change can create a huge improvement in users’ behaviors. Again, selecting a neat and changeable web template will free website owners of trouble in the long run by effortless adjustments.
3. It’s not only about time but also financial saving
Thirdly, besides the matter of time, these simple website free powerpoint themes will economize the process of online starting up. The balance between cost and interest is always the most important calculation of all businesses. In comparison with cost of hiring a dedicated website designer, the expense for the web templates is much lower. There is wide range of selection for both free and premium templates. Noticeably, free html templates are often provided with limited functions without support whereas some of premium template providers present more impressive benefits such as SEO parameters, color variation, integrated extension and lifetime support.
Reference: The aforementioned extra-benefit of SEO parameters implies that the template provider has optimized the design in order that a buyer who hasn’t had any knowledge of SEO can construct content and the website professionally to rank higher.
On the other hand, opponent ideas may argue that using the predetermined free powerpoint backgrounds can create a series of website with no different looks. This argument may be true to some extent. However, in the general view, “simple” doesn’t mean artless. In fact, the trend of web design is moving towards simplicity and multi-purpose. The most important factor is creativity of web owners. Varied from demands and purposes, with little skillful adjustment, minimalistic webs can become fashionable showcases of their owners.
Finally, all is about Return of Investment. Remember that in online business, traffic means money and there are tips to save time for more traffic. Choosing simple website templates is one of them.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/8094654
Perhaps of the most often posed inquiry in rebuilding is how can it be the case? To some it very well may be somewhat more troublesome, yet to others it could be simpler, regardless of whether you anticipate purchasing new kitchen cupboards. At the point when opportunity arrives to introduce a dishwasher appropriately, most property holders either take out a piece of the cupboard or a lump of the ledge. This will wipe out any issues you had for the space of the dishwasher. Regardless of whether you have previously arranged your redesigning project you can in any case have your dishwasher that you could in any case care about. On the off chance that you did not as of now find out, there are such countless advantages to possessing your own dishwasher. One of the advantages is time saved as opposed to washing manually, regardless of whether your family is huge. Normal families go through three arrangements of dishes day to day; one for breakfast, one for lunch, and one for supper. On the off chance that you could do without washing dishes manually and consistently feel like the sink is brimming with dishes, you could well involve a dishwasher in the kitchen consistently.
What is ideal to realize about dishwashers is you should simply stack the dishes up, put your cleanser in and afterward begin washing. With most dishes and full sinks it just requires five minutes to stack the dishwasher up. As the advantages expressed above, you could likewise not realize that dishwashers arrive in a wide assortment of styles, even though they are overall similar size, the styles put them regardless of. Seeing the old white dishwashers, dark dishwashers, high contrast dishwashers, silver, and hardened steel dishwashers are entirely expected. This will imply that it will presumably be simpler to find the matching piece, even after you have completed the process of rebuilding. For the best outcomes you ought to simply purchase every one of the necessities you want right when you purchase your dishwasher so everything matches over the long haul.
The cost is something different you may be cheerful about. Regardless of whether you are changing your kitchen in a set cost range, you ought to have the option to find the dishwasher you need at a reasonable expense. Perhaps it would be simpler to add your own dishwasher on the off chance that you planned to introduce it yourself too. Numerous property holders can introduce their own essentially in light of the fact that the sms46ki03i dishwasher is purchased with bearings. On the off chance that you are utilizing help from a specialist is certain they could carve out the opportunity to assist you with introducing it in the event that you were unable to do it without anyone else’s help. Some find it similar expense regardless of whether they use help, however it is not ensured; you might need to pay more. Regardless of whether these installments exist relies upon who you are working with.
The bathroom is one area of the house that is visited many times by different family members over the course of the day. It is thus important to carve out a bathroom design that would match the tastes of every member of your house. Therefore you need to employ a good amount of time in thinking out bathroom design ideas. Now, one of the main elements that would serve to define the look of the bathroom is the bathroom tile. There are many patterns, textures, designs and themes to choose from when it comes to bathroom tiles. So think up the kind of mood and feel you want for your bathroom and choose your bathroom tiles accordingly.
When choosing a bathroom tile, the material you use is critical
The first thing to make your mind on is the bathroom tile material. You can choose from natural stone bathroom tiles, ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles and glass mosaics tiles. Natural stone tiles create a distinct look and texture to your bathroom and have gained in popularity in recent years. Natural stone tiles are ageless.
Bold, bright or contemporary – The choice is yours
You then need to decide on a unique design idea. Natural colours are gaining in popularity when it comes to choosing your tiles. These colours help to give the bathroom a contemporary look. You can go for different graphics or patterns available on these colours. To accentuate the look, modern fixtures and accessories must be added to give a uniformity of style to your bathroom. However, keep it in mind that if you have a small area for the bathroom it is best to avoid bold or dark colours of bathroom tiles. The dark colours make the area look smaller as they tend to close in on the space. Therefore, for bathrooms with a limited space, it is best to use bathroom tile of neutral and lighter shades. This would brighten up the area and would give it a spacious feeling.
What sort of mood are you looking to create?
On the other hand, if you want your bathroom to have a romantic look, using floral tiles is a great idea. Tiles of floral themes generally come in lighter colours like soft blue, pink, light green or soft purple. You can get many different varieties on these floral themes and floral tiles can be used on both bathroom floors and walls. Another way to give a unique and unconventional look to your bathroom is to go for a grout colour, which will create contrast with the ceramic tile colour. White is still the most common when it comes to choosing a bathroom tile and adding yellow, blue or red grouts with white tiles may be a good idea.
Create your own design or hire a professional
Pay a visit to your local home improvement store and you will be able get many ideas. If you are looking for entirely unique bathroom design ideas, it is however best to consult home improvement magazines and home improvement shows on the TV. Seeking the service of a professional interior decorator may be another approach. In addition, when you are designing your bathroom and deciding on the bathroom tile to get, you must make sure to chart out a plan beforehand. This would prevent you from having to spend a hefty amount on your bathroom tile design and help to achieve and get your preferred bathroom design at a reasonable price.
The holidays are a time for you and your family, friends and loved ones to gather together to celebrate and enjoy one another’s company. Whether this is at your own home or that of a family member, the extra load holiday visitors put on plumbing systems can cause problems, especially if you haven’t had regular plumbing service.
Here are some common holiday plumbing issues, and tips to help you avoid needing to call a plumbing service during your family gatherings.
Avoid Garbage Disposal Repair
Don’t overload your garbage disposal. Avoid a mid-holiday garbage disposal repair by running your garbage disposal periodically throughout the day instead of allowing waste to pile up, and always run cold water while it works. In addition, avoid running stringy, fibrous materials through your garbage disposal. This includes carrots, banana peels, celery and pumpkin pulp.
Not Enough Hot Water
A common enough holiday film scene is a reality for many households over the holidays. Featuring family members screaming at one another to stop taking such long showers and using all the hot water, this common plumbing service problem can be avoided by following these tips:
– Take advantage of times when guests will be likely to bathe or shower by running dishwashers and washing machines at those times, such as at night.
– Ask your guests to space out their showers to make it less likely your hot water heater will run of water.
– Maximize the hot water available in your home by turning up the temperature on your water pressure while you have guests.
Low Water Pressure
Avoid calling a plumbing service for low water pressure in your showers by removing build-up from showerheads before your guests arrive. Soak showerheads in vinegar overnight by either removing the showerhead and soaking it in a bowl, or by attaching a plastic bag filled with vinegar using a rubber band or other tie. The next day, use an old toothbrush to gently scrape off any mineral deposits to allow water to flow more freely through the showerhead.
Pipes and Clogged Drains
High usage can often cause a completely clogged drain, especially if your sink was slow-draining to begin with. Follow these preventative tips to reduce the emergency plumber likelihood of a clogged drain:
– NEVER pour fat or grease or down a drain. Grease congeals and can cause a clogged drain or pipe, so wipe pots and pans using paper towels before washing.
– Keep a garbage can readily available in your bathroom, to reduce the chance that guests will flush items that may cause clogged pipes, such as feminine products, cotton balls and face cleaning pads.
– Use Bio Clean once a month as a preventive maintenance procedure to help you avoid having to call a professional plumbing service for clogged drains. Bio Clean contains healthy bacteria and enzymes that consume slime and other gunk that can build up on pipe walls.
Finally, to avoid the most costly plumbing service – frozen or burst pipes – ensure that any exposed plumbing is well insulated. Take basic plumbing winterization steps, such as caulking areas where pipes enter your home and shutting down irrigation systems and outdoor faucets.
This hair transplant information sheet sets out 5 basic points you should know if you are contemplating this solution for hair loss.
The actual transplant procedure requires extracting hair from the side and back of the scalp which is DHT resistant and transplanting it to the bald areas. Part of the hair transplant information you need to know revolves around the specialized vocabulary used:
Hair Density – the number of hair follicles per square centimeter of scalp.
Scalp Laxity – how tight or loose the scalp is. Hair extraction is much easier on a scalp that is flexible and loose.
Donor Sites or Stable Sites – the areas of the scalp not affected by DHT which are used to supply the hair for transplantation.
Whatever hair transplant information you read to the contrary, you must understand that in most cases, hair transplantation is a procedure that works for men, not women. There is a marked difference between male and female hair loss. Men suffer from the infamous MPB (male pattern baldness) which results in a horseshoe pattern of hair around the sides and back of the head.
Women often suffer diffuse hair loss, that is, a general thinning of the hair all over the scalp. The front hairline is mostly unaffected, unlike men who experience a receding hairline. A woman’s hair can be affected by DHT, no matter where it is on the scalp. If hair at the donor site is affected by DHT, it stands to reason it can easily fall out once it is transplanted to another area.
Men, however, have DHT-resistant areas on the back and sides of the scalp, and it is these stable areas that provide hair for successful transplantation.
Coarse hair or curly hair is the best for hair transplantation, offering the best coverage. There is a greater challenge for the surgeon when the candidate has fine or straight hair because this kind of hair lies flat and close to the scalp, thus providing only minimal coverage.
Another challenge is with persons who have a high contrast between the color of their hair and the color of their skin. A more natural-looking hair transplant in turkey can be achieved on persons with dark skin and dark hair, or conversely, on persons with blonde, light-colored hair and fair skin. Individuals who do not fit this criterion need to search carefully for a highly qualified surgeon to perform the procedure.
Much hair transplant information you read concentrates on the mechanics of the hair transplant procedure. In addition to putting emphasis on the mechanics of the transplant procedure, it is equally important to give consideration to the art of hair transplantation.
Each individual is different when it comes to the shape of the face, characteristics of the hairline, etc. A skilled surgeon will take these individual characteristics into account and perform a transplant that blends in with the natural contours and shape of the client’s scalp, head and face. A good surgeon will be aware of what is pleasing to the eye and what will look unnatural and false. Try and get to see firsthand the results on previous clients, or ask for photographs of clients who have had the surgeon perform the procedure on them.
Be aware that hair transplant costs can vary widely. Some sources say the costs can range between four and twenty thousand dollars. The cost of a graft can be between $3 and $8 with $5 being the general average. The number of grafts required and the number of sessions needed to perform the grafts will have a great bearing on the total cost.
It is therefore extremely important to have thorough consultations with your prospective surgeon so you have an accurate picture of what the financial outlay is likely to be.
As one of the leading hair transplantation centers in the country, they welcome patients from all over the world to join its list of more than 2000 patients over the last 8 years. In the Hair Center of Turkey, you can reach your dream hair with their expert and professional doctors and staff working in their center so they perform your hair transplantation operations successfully. You can have the desired healthy hair by choosing the operation you want and regaining your lost hair. It is easy to have your bushy, lively, and healthy hair like before. they continue to serve their valued patients successfully in hair transplantation and other fields with our expert team of doctors for years.
“Education can be a catalyst to achieving a wide variety of goals,” says University of Phoenix faculty member Dr. Chris Mendoza. Mendoza’s life story is testament to that statement: Though he graduated high school reading at a “seventh or eighth grade level,” through application and hard work he moved up the educational ladder, earning a college degree (University of Texas at El Paso, 1981), an MBA, and a doctorate in business administration (University of Phoenix, 2007). He is now a successful executive who heads the recruiting and marketing department for a division of a Fortune 200 financial services company.
Stories like Mendoza’s are becoming more common as Latino immigrants come to the U.S., make a better living, and send their children to college. Though the situation is improving, Latinos still have yet to catch up to other ethnicities in educational achievement. Latinos are the least educated major population group in the nation, with Latino males only having an average of 10.6 years of schooling, compared with an average of 12.2 years for black males and 13.3 years for white males.1 Only 11% of Latinos ages 25 and over have a bachelor’s degree, versus 29% of whites and 25% of other non-Hispanics.2
The problem is not that Latinos are failing to attend college, or that they lack understanding of the value of an education. In fact, only Asian high school graduates attend college at higher rates than do Latinos.3 Nearly 9 out of 10 (88%) Hispanics ages 18 to 25 say that college is important for getting ahead in life, and 77% say their parents think going to college is the most important thing they can do after high school.4 The issue of concern is that too many Latinos are leaving college without earning a degree.
Also of interest is the fact that Latino women are outpacing Latino men in terms of educational attainment. In 2006, for example, only 41% of Latino undergraduates were male.5 This disparity is all the more startling given that the gender gap seems to be leveling off for males of other ethnicities.6
In part, the difference in Latinos’ and Latinas’ educational achievement can be explained by the fact that more Latinas go back to school as adults (ages 25 and up). But many other factors-cultural, societal, and economic-intertwine to explain both the gender gap and why Latinos are not earning postsecondary degrees at a rate proportional to other ethnic groups. Many Latino Men Feel Pressure to Enter the Workforce Rather than Pursue a Degree
Most Latino students are nontraditional students: Many are over 25, attend school part-time, opt for two-year programs rather than four-year ones, and have parents, children, spouses, or other family members to support.7 The selfsame factors that make a student nontraditional, however, have been identified as risk factors for degree noncompletion by the U.S. Department of Education.8
And a large number of these students work while attending school, which may be one reason why they opt to attend school part-time. In many low-income or working-class immigrant families, young people feel a responsibility to contribute to the family’s income as soon as they are old enough to work. A sizeable proportion of young immigrants drop out of high school in order to work full time. (Second-generation Latinos ages 16 to 19, in contrast, are four times more likely to be in school and not working at all than immigrants from their same age group.)9 Nearly three-quarters of 16- to 25-year old Latinos who had ended their education while in or shortly after high school say they did so in order to support their families.10 This emphasis on work may be one reason fewer Hispanic men than women attain college degrees.
“For Latino men, the pressure to enter the workforce is strong,” says Daniel Villao, State Director of the California Construction Academy at the University of California, Los Angeles Labor Center, a member of the Board of Directors for the Association of Latino Professionals in Finance, Accounting, and Related Business Fields, and a University of Phoenix alumnus (MBA 2008). “Traditionally, girls have been expected to get an education and get married. They have not been expected to be the head of a household or contribute [financially] in any meaningful way.”
“This means that, without intending to, we have created a wonderful wave of bright young Latinas coming into their own through the educational system in the U.S.,” says Villao, whose parents emigrated to the U.S. from Ecuador in 1963. “This has created a significant opportunity for young women to be plugged into career ladders in a way that has never existed for young Hispanic men.” First- and Second-Generation Americans More Likely to Attend College than Immigrants
A highly significant determinant of whether or not a Latino will pursue higher education is how long he or his family have been in the U.S. Families that have been in the U.S. longer are more likely to send their children to college. Only 29% of immigrant Latinos ages 18 to 25 say they plan to get a college degree, versus 60% of U.S.-born Latinos of the same age group.11 (As further proof of the cultural differences between immigrant and native-born Latinos, consider that 60% percent of 18- to 25-year-olds of all ethnicities want to attend college, the same percentage as U.S.-born Latinos.12) As 35% of Latino youth are foreign-born, this means that millions of young Latinos do not see Aegean College in their future.13
“The experience of someone who is an immigrant is very different from someone who is a first-generation or 1.5 generation [someone who emigrates as a child or young teenager],” Mendoza says. “Immigrants may not have role models for succeeding in school in their families. If they’re struggling financially, the decision whether to go to school or earn money is a clear one: The sons or daughters need to work to support the family.”
“In the latter case,” he continues, “the economic condition of the family has likely improved to the point where they don’t have to worry about the basics, like having somewhere to live and putting food on the table, and can think about things like preparing their kids for college, helping them to have good SAT scores, and encouraging them to take science and math and AP classes.” Lack of Information and Role Models May Discourage Latinos from Attending College
Many Latinos, especially those who are immigrants or the children of immigrants, lack the cultural capital-knowledge about how to apply for and succeed in college-that students from more privileged backgrounds enjoy. First-generation college students are at greater risk for dropping out simply because they do not have the experiences of friends and family members to guide them through the higher education system. They may not know how to write a college admissions essay, register for courses, interact with professors, write long term papers, or schedule their study time-things that are second nature for students who have been expecting to go to college since early childhood. Furthermore, immigrants and their children may mistakenly believe that they are not “college material.”
“There’s a lack of information about education [among many Latinos], a lack of understanding about what an advanced degree can help you accomplish in life,” Villao says. “If your mother and father are working-class folks who never had anyone in the family complete high school, they might see university studies as something for people with money and means, and not as something their family can aspire to.”
Cultural differences may also make Latinos reluctant to apply for financial aid, Mendoza says. “Hispanics have a stigma about borrowing money,” he says. “In our culture, you live within your means and you don’t exceed that. If you talk to a family that makes a modest living about borrowing money to send their child to school, it’s a foreign conversation to them. They don’t want to spend money that doesn’t belong to them, or be stuck with a loan they might not be able to repay, even though the potential advantages might outweigh the drawbacks.” He points out, however, that families that have been in the U.S. longer are much more receptive to the idea of borrowing money to pay for school. The Right High School Can Make All the Difference.